Dr. Kannan Srinivasan

Designation: Sr. Principal Scientist
Phone No:
Phone Ext. No: 7030
E-Mail: skannan[at]csmcri.res.in

Research Activities

Layered Double Hydroxides (LDHs) or Hydrotalcite-like compounds; Biomass to chemicals and fuels; Solid base catalysis; Catalysis for perfumery chemicals; C-C bond formation using solid base catalysis; CO2 utilization; Alkylation using solid acids and bases; Benzene to phenol conversion; Hydroxylation of phenol to dihydroxybenzenes; LDHs for waste water remediation; Solid state transformation of LDHs to oxides and carbonates; Polytypism in LDHs;


Heterogeneous catalysis;Environmental chemistry;Material science;Solid state chemistry

Personal Website: http://www.researcherid.com/rid/B-9286-2008 

Journal Articles (select articles – for complete list consult ResearcherID link given above)

  1. Aqueous fluoride removal using ZnCr layered double hydroxides and their polymeric composites: Batch and column studies, P. Koilraj and S. Kannan, Chemical Engineering Journal, 234 (2013) 406.
  2. Novel approach for selective phosphate removal using colloidal LDHs and use of residue as fertilizer, P. Koilraj, Churchil A. Antonyraj, Vishal Gupta, C.R.K. Reddy and S. Kannan, Applied Clay Science 86 (2013) 111.
  3. ZnAl layered double hydroxides as potential molybdate sorbents and valorize the exchanged sorbent for catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol, Paulmanickam Koilraj and Kannan Srinivasan, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 52 (2013) 7373.
  4. Fructose dehydration to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural: Remarkable solvent influence on recyclability of Amberlyst-15 catalyst and regeneration studies, G. Sampath and S. Kannan, Catalysis Communications 37 (2013) 41.
  5. Solid state structural transformation of tetraborate into monoborate in the interlayer galleries of reconstructed ZnAl layered double hydroxide, Paulmanickam Koilraj, Rajendra Singh Thakur, and Kannan Srinivasan, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117 (2013) 6578.
  6. One-step hydroxylation of benzene to phenol over layered double hydroxides and their derived forms, Churchil A Antonyraj and Kannan Srinivasan, Catalysis Surveys from Asia, 17 (2013) 47.
  7. Carbon dioxide – A potential raw material for the production of fuel, fuel additives and bio-derived chemicals, Sivashunmugam Sankaranarayanan and Kannan Srinivasan, Indian Journal of Chemistry A, 51A (2012) 1252.
  8. Operando DRIFT spectroscopic investigations on unprecedented influence of Cu2+ over NiAl LDHs during isomerization of eugenol, Jinesh Cherukattu Manayil, Andrea C. Badari, Ferenc Lónyi and Kannan Srinivasan, Catalysis Communications 28 (2012) 100.
  9. Microwave assisted isomerization of alkenyl aromatics over solid base catalysts: An understanding through theoretical study, C.M. Jinesh, Anik Sen, Bishwajit Gangulyand S. Kannan, RSC Advances, 2 (2012) 6871.
  10. Transesterification of edible, non-edible and cooked oils for biodiesel production using calcined layered double hydroxides as reusable base catalysts, S. Sivashunmugam, Churchil A. Antonyraj and S. Kannan, Bioresource Technology 109 (2012) 57.
  11. CoAl-CrO4 layered double hydroxides as selective oxidation catalysts at room temperature, C.M. Jinesh, S. Sivashunmugam, Deep S. Bhadoria and S. Kannan, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 50 (2011) 13380.
  12. Benzene hydroxylation over Cu-containing LDHs: Influence of co-bivalent ions and solvent, Churchil A. Antonyraj, S. Kannan, Applied Clay Science, 53 (2011) 297.
  13. High borate removal from aqueous solution using thermally treated ZnAl layered double hydroxides (LDHs), P. Koilraj and S. Kannan, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50 (2011) 6943.
  14. Phenol hydroxylation over Cu-containing LDHs and their calcined forms: Profound co-bivalent metal influence, Churchil A. Antonyraj, Mohini Gandhi, S. Kannan, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 49 (2010) 6020.
  15. Thermal decomposition of Co-Al layered double hydroxide: Identification of the precursor to the oxide with the spinel structure, P. Vishnu Kamath, A.V. Radha, Grace S. Thomas, J.C.A Antonyraj and S. Kannan, Bulletin of Materials Science, 33 (2010) 319.
  16. Polytype Transformation in the SO42- Containing Layered Double Hydroxides of Zn with Al and Cr: The Metal Hydroxide Layer as a Structural Synthon, S. Radha, J. C. A. Antonyraj, P. Vishnu Kamath  and S. Kannan, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 636 (2010) 2658.
  17. Synthesis of delaminated LDH: A facile two step approach, Churchil A Antonyraj, P. Koilraj and S. Kannan, Chemical Communications, 46 (2010) 1902.
  18. Phosphate uptake behavior of ZnAlZr ternary layered double hydroxides through surface precipitation, P. Koilraj and S. Kannan, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 341 (2010) 289.
  19. Isomerization of eugenol and alkenyl aromatics of perfumery interest over Ni-containing layered double hydroxides as solid base catalysts, C.M. Jinesh, Churchil A Antonyraj and S. Kannan, Catalysis Today, 141 (2009) 176.
  20. High Catalytic Performance of Fe-doped Vanadyl Pyrophosphate Obtained through Intercalation of a Lamellar Vanadyl Benzylphosphate for Selective Oxidation of n-Butane, Kannan Srinivasan, Hironaka Kanbe, Takuya Ohkura, Yuichi Kamiya, Tadashi Hattori, Atsushi Satsuma, Res. Chem. Intermed., 34 (2008) 455.
  21. Hantzsch pyridine synthesis using hydrotalcites or hydrotalcite-like materials as solid base catalysts, J.C.A Antonyraj and S.Kannan, Applied Catalysis A: General, 338 (2008) 121.
  22. Variable Temperature PXRD Studies of LiAl2(OH)6XâH2O (X ) Cl, Br): Observation of Disorder to Order Transformation in the Interlayer, Grace S. Thomas, P. Vishnu Kamath, and S. Kannan, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 111 (2007) 18980.
  23. Catalytic Applications of Hydrotalcite-like Materials and Their Derived Forms, S.Kannan, Catalysis Surveys from Asia, 10 (2006) 117.
  24. Thermally Induced Polytype Transformations Among the Layered Double Hydroxides (LDHs) of Mg and Zn with Al, Grace S. Thomas, A. V. Radha, P.V. Kamath, S. Kannan, Journal of Physical Chemistry-B, 110 (2006) 12365.
  25. Liquid phase hydroxylation of benzene over Cu-containing ternary hydrotalcites, A.Dubey and S.Kannan, Catalysis Communications, 6 (2005) 394-398.
  26. Synthesis and Characterization of CuMgAl Ternary Hydrotalcites as Catalysts for the Hydroxylation of Phenol, S.Kannan, A.Dubey and H.Knozinger, Journal of Catalysis, 231 (2005) 381-392.
  27. Double Bond Migration of Eugenol to Isoeugenol over As-synthesized Hydrotalcites and their Modified Forms, D.Kishore and S.Kannan, Applied Catalysis A General, 270 (2004) 227.
  28. FTIR Study of Low-temperature CO Adsorption on CuMgAl-hydrotalcite, S.Kannan, Tz.Venkov, K.Hadjiivanov, H.Knozinger, Langmuir, 20 (2004) 319.
  29. High temperature transformations of Cu-rich hydrotalcites, S.Kannan, V.Rives and H.Knozinger, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 177 (2004) 319.
  30. Synergistic effect in the hydroxylation of phenol over CoNiAl ternary hydrotalcites, Vicente Rives, Olga Prieto, Amit Dubey and Srinivasan Kannan, Journal of Catalysis, 220 (2003) 161.
  31. Isomerization of eugenol and safrole over MgAl hydrotalcite, a solid base catalyst, D.Kishore and S.Kannan, Green Chemistry, 4 (2002) 607.
  32. Microwave assisted rapid crystallization of Mg-M(III) hydrotalcite where M(III) = Al, Fe or Cr,  S.Kannan and R.V.Jasra, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 10 (2000) 2311-2314.
  33. Layered double hydroxides with hydrotalcite-type structure containing Ni2+, Cu2+ and Al3+, S.Kannan and V.Rives, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 10 (2000) 489-496.
  34. Catalytic Transformation of Ethanol over Microporous Vanadium Silicate Molecular Sieves with MEL structure (VS-2), S.Kannan, T.Sen and S.Sivasanker, Journal of Catalysis, 170 (1997) 304.
  35. Calcined hydrotalcites for the catalytic decomposition of N2O in stimulated process streams, J.N.Armor, Y.Li, T.A.Braymer, S.Kannan and C.S.Swamy, Appl. Catal.B, 7 (1996) 397.
  36. Catalytic decomposition of nitrous oxide on "in situ" generated thermally calcined hydrotalcites, S. Kannan and C.S. Swamy, Appl. Catal. B, 3 (1994) 109.


  1. Improved process for the preparation of fatty acid methyl esters (Biodiesel) from triglyceride oils using eco-friendly solid base catalysts, S. Kannan, S. Sivashanmugam and Churchil A. Antonyraj, CSIR Ref. No.: 0175NF2010 dated 30-Nov-2010 – Provisional Patent filed at Indian Patent Office - 0371/DEL/2011 dated 14 Feb. 2011. International Application Publication under PCT, International Publication Number WO 2012/111023 A1, 23rd August 2012; European Patent Application Filed – Application No: 12710563.3 – 1357 dated 18-09-2013
  2. Method for decomposing N2O Utilizing Catalysts Comprising Calcined Anionic Clay Minerals, S. Kannan, C.S. Swamy, Y. Li, J.N. Armor and T.A. Braymer, U.S. Patent, 5,407,652 (1995-04-18); European Patent, EP0640379  A1 - 1995-03-01; Brazil Patent, BR9403333  A  - 1995-06-20; Deutsch Patent, DE69409450T  T2 - 1998-08-27; Canadian Patent, CA2130589  A1 - 1995-02-28; Japanese Patent, JP2637049B2  B2 - 1997-08-06; Korean Patent: R142375  B1, 1998-06-01; Singapore Patent: SG48048  A1, 1998-04-17.


  1. Catalysts and Surfaces: Characterization Techniques, B. Viswanathan, S. Kannan and R.C. Deka, Narosa Publishing House, India, ISBN 978-81-7319-735-2, 2010.

Book Chapters

  1. Delamination of layered double hydroxides: Methodologies, characterization and applications” by Churchil A. Antonyraj, Paulmanickam Koilraj and Kannan Srinivasan in ‘‘Hydroxides: Synthesis, Types and Applications'', Ed. By: Abejundio Calixto Carillo and Delia Analiz Griego, Nova Science Publishers Inc., USA (2012), ISBN: 978-1-62081-021-7, pp. 105-139.
  2. Layered double hydroxides as potential adsorbents for water remediation” by P. Koilraj, C. M. Jinesh and S. Kannan in a E-book entitled “Application of Adsorbents for Water Pollution Control”, Bentham Science Publishers,  ISBN No: 978-1-60805-269-1 (2012), pp. 153-237.
  3. Hydrotalcites as Potential Catalysts for Hydroxylation of Phenol, S. Kannan, in "Trends in Catalysis Research", Editors: Lawrence P. Bevy, Nova Science Publishers Inc., USA, ISBN No: 1594546592 (2006).
  4. Powder X-ray Diffraction – Basics, Techniques and Applications – S.Kannan, in "Refresher Course in Experimental Physics" Indian Academy of Sciences, Department of Physics, Bhavnagar University (2004).  
  5. Hydrotalcite-like Materials: Their Possible Role in the Environmental Control, C.S. Swamy, S. Kannan and S. Velu, in 2nd ANAIC International Conference on Material Science and Environmental Chemistry of Main Group Elements, Kaula Lumpur, Malaysia, Nov. 8-11, in "Main Group Elements and Their Compounds" Ed. by V.G.Kumar Das, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, India (1996) p.112.  
  6. Catalytic Decomposition of Nitrous oxide on New materials, S.Kannan, in "Selected Studies in Heterogeneous Catalysis' Ed. by B.Viswanathan, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (May 1996).